Mat Kayangan

Saturday, July 08, 2006

To Know perlis -Ramai juga orang Perlis yang tak tau ni!!

Perlis Indera Kayangan

Area : 810 sq km

State Capital : Kangar

Royal Town : Arau

Head of State : DYMM Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Putra Jamalulail Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail DKP, DK, SSPJ, DKM, DMN, DK (Perak), DK (Negeri Sembilan), DK (Kedah), DK (Kelantan), DK (Terengganu), SPMJ, SPCM, SSMT, Grand Order of King Tomislav (Croatia)

Chief Minister : Y.A.B Dato' Seri Shahidan Kassim SPMP, AMP

District : Arau, Kangar, Padang Besar


Perlis was once a part of Kedah which the Thais conquered in 1821. When Kedah was finally returned to the Sultan of Kedah, Perlis was separated from it and was established as a vassal State in its own right. The Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 transferred Thai sovereignty over Perlis to the British, however, the Japanese 'returned' Perlis to Thailand during the Japanese Occupation in Malaysia. After the Japanese surrendered, Perlis once again came under British protection until Perlis and the rest of Peninsular Malaysia gained independence together under the name 'Federation of Malaya' in 1957.


The economic activity of Perlis is dominated by agriculture, forestry and fishing. Agriculture rules in term of land use, manpower and growth domestic product (GDP). The main produces are paddy, sugar cane, rubber, mango, watermelon and teakwood. It contributed 32.2% to the State's GDP in 1995.

Another major contributor to the State's GDP is manufacturing. Compared to other economic sectors, it is projected that manufacturing will reach a GDP growth rate of 11% for the year 1995-2000.

In realising this goal, the State has embarked on the development of medium-scale industrial and manufacturing activities. Besides a sugar refinery in Chuping and a cement factory at Bukit Keteri in Jejawi, industrial parks completed with infrastructure in Kuala Perlis, Sungai Chuchoh and Guar Nangka were created to facilitate this rapid growth.

Within the period of 1985 to December 1995, a total of 59 investment projects, of which 22% represents foreign investments, were approved. The projects include manufacturing of plastic products, electrical and electronics products, scientific equipment, non-metallic products, textiles and fabricated metal products.


Perlis is the smallest and northern most State in the Peninsular Malaysia. The State is bounded on the north by Satun in Thailand, the east and south by Kedah and on the west by the Straits of Malacca. Measuring only 810 sq km, a large portion of the state lies well below 61 metres while land in excess of 152 metres is found further north near the Thai border. Perlis's highest point is Gunung China (721 metres).


On the whole, Perlis's climate is tropical monsoon. The temperature is relatively uniform within the range of 21°C to 32°C throughout the year. During the months of January to April, the weather is generally dry and warm. Humidity is consistently high on the lowlands ranging between 82% to 86% per annum. The average rainfall per year is 2,032 mm to 2,540 mm and the wettest months are from May to December.

Bukit Ayer Recreational Forest

Just few kilometres north of the Golf Club and the Snake and Reptile Farm is the Bukit Air Recreational Park.

Cool streams meander through rich tropical forest and waterfalls cascade into rocky pools. Well-defined paths allow easy access through the park where the sights and sounds of tropical rainforest await visitors. An excellent location for picnics, the park also provides a camping ground, car parking facilities and all basic amenities.

It is an ideal location for nature lovers who enjoy jungle trekking, learning about plants and animals and bathing in waterfalls.

Here at the forest, those who prefer to hike can contact the forestry department to follow the trail while those who want to swim can do so at the recreational forest's waterfalls and pools. The forest is also equipped with a camping site and a multi-purpose open area for recreational activities.

Hikers should let the department know of their movement for their own safety as the forest is near the Malaysia-Thailand border. The four km trail ends at the Herb Park. The Park has about 700 spesies of herbs including Tongkat Ali, Kacip Fatimah, Misai Kuching, Cekor, Selasih and Halia.

The 12ha park that was established in 1998 receives some 200 visitors daily during the school holidays.

For those who wish to stay longer at the park, chalets are available at the nearby Putra Bukit Ayer Keroh Resort. The Perlis Tourism Action Council can be contacted at +604 9793 700.


Chuping derived its name from tile limestone hill known locally as Bukit Chuping. It has a wide area of 22,000ha lush green sugarcane plantation grown for commercial purposes.

It is also in the area of sugar refineries and cement plants. The plantation is harvested from December to June. The natural resources found here support such industrial developments

Cave-Gua Kelam

One of the most distinctive caves in Malaysia is a 370-metre long limestone cave near the small town of Kaki Bukit (literally 'foot hill') called Gua Kelam (Cave of Darkness). Located about 33km north of Kangar, the state capital, Gua Kelam Recreational Park is popular for its enchanting 'cave walk' where you can enter from one end of the cave and come out a different end. Gua Kelam is located within the Perlis State Park which borders with the Nakawan Range of Thailand.

The only path in is via a suspension wooden bridge made of an eight-feet wide wooden walkway. This bridge links Kaki Bukit to the Wan Tangga Valley, a valley on the opposite end of Gua Kelam. Back in 1935, an Englishman saw the water pathway as a brilliant method of transporting tin ore from a mine located near the stream entrance through the underground cavern to Kaki Bukit.

Now, only locals and tourists make their way through the cave via a brightly illuminated wooden walkway inside the cave. You can still find remnants of the tin mine operation inside. As you make your way through the cave, the sound of a swirling dark subterranean stream below reverberates forming a concerto with the squeaking bats and dripping water from the stalactites. It may sound a bit spooky, after all this was once the home of Stone Age men.

Cave-Gua Wang Burma

Wang Burma is a cave system that has become the main attraction of the Wang Kelian State Park within the Perlis State Park. Wang Burma is divided into two main caves, one is Wang Burma Satu where abundance of amazing rock formations like stalactites and stalagmites can be found, and the other is Wang Burma Dua, which requires one to be both physically and mentally fit before venturing into the cave.

Before you enter the cave system, it is advisable that you seek a qualified guide and permission from the Perlis Forestry Department. An exploration of the entire Wang Burma cave system will take approximately 3 1/2 hours. Once inside Wang Burma, you will be thrilled with this truly unique cave system - its limestone composition is honeycombed with passages, streams and caves. You might even get to see many exotic species of insects and fungi such as giant toad, whip scorpion, centipede, bats, striped cave racer, cave cricket and mushrooms.

This cave exploration gets more exciting as your guide leads you through narrow passages and muddy tunnels where you may need to crawl or squeeze your way through in order to reach the intriguing and wonderful water-worn sculptures. Be sure to use a buddy system when venturing into this challenging cave exploration.

For more information on GUa Wang Burma, please contact the State Forestry Department at 604-9765966

Recreational Forest-Hutan Lipur Bukit Kubu

Hutan Lipur Bukit Kubu is a great place to rest and relax. The recreational park is a natural limestone cave in the forested Wang Pinang limestone hill.

The caves have an interesting geological formation and natural landscape but members of the public are not allowed to enter the caves unless with permission from the Perlis Forestry Department.

Situated not far from the limestone hills is the Kota Al Marhum Kayang. It is the burial grounds of two of the 16th century Kedah Sultans where one can see simple mausoleums marked by grave stones with wooden ruins that used to pinpoint the site.

Beach-Jalan Persisiran Pantai

This is Perlis's only coastal road linking Kuala Perlis and Kuala Sanglang, located near the Perlis-Kedah border.

A drive along this 18.7km route is fully rewarding with the perfect view of scenic landscapes and wonderful landmarks. Capture the best sunset scenery here or take a stroll by the beach along the coast.

Historical Site-Kota Al-Marhum Kayang

Kota Al-Marhum Kayang is where the early settlement of Kedah ruling in Perlis and ancient royal mausoleums are located. Here, one can find the burial grounds of two of the 16th century Sultans of Kedah where simple mausoleums are marked by gravestones with wooden ruins that used to pinpoint the site.

Nearby is an area believed to be the site of one of the Sultan's palaces surrounded on each side by limestone hills. This is reminiscent of the palace built by the late Sultan Dhiauddin Almukaram Shah, a late 16th century Sultan who gave Perlis the title 'Indera Kayangan'.

Two of the Sultan's personal efforts are still evident today. One is a partially-enclosed spring which supplied fresh mineral water to the palace while the other is a canal built in 1680 connecting Alor Setar to the palace and from the palace to the burial grounds, thus permitting boat passages between the points.

Currently, archaeological digs are in progress as part of efforts to discover historical artefacts from the fort.

Craft Centre-Padang Besar

This border town is the merging point for Thais and Malaysians. Many Malaysians travel up to Thailand through this point and likewise their Thai counterparts, on shopping, business or recreational trips.

The railway station has a long platform, manned by Malaysians on one side and the Thais on the other. Besides the Immigration checkpoints and some signs, it is hard to distinguish where the border actually lies.

Beyond the rail tracks is Pekan Siam, bargain-hunters' paradise. The town is filled with textiles, clothing, handicraft, foodstuff, fruits and souvenirs.

Museum-Perlis State Museum

According to history, the 4.84 acres of land where the State Museum now stands was granted by Raja Syed Alwi to his younger brother, Syed Salim bin Syed Muhammad al-Jafri, who was a senior minister to the King.

Towards the end of the 19th century, Syed Salim built his residence and stayed there with his family until it was sold to the State Government just after the signing of the 1909 Bangkok Treaty. Since then, the building became the official residence of the state British Advisors. The first British Advisor, Mr. Meadow Frost and his successors resided in the house until the Second World War in 1941. From 1941 until 1943, the building was taken over by Japanese Military Administration, while from 1943 until 1945, the Thai Military Government took over the building.

After Independence, the building became the Perlis Chief Minister's official residence. It became popularly known as Rumah Tetamu (Guest House) after it was vacated by Chief Minister Dato' Jaafar Hassan in early 1980s. In 1991, the building was demolished to make way for the construction of the present State Museum, which is structurally identical to the old building. The Kompleks Warisan Negeri, which is a new building in Kangar, is also within the compounds of the State Museum.


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